Who is Frank Patterson?

by Caitlyn Harrison

Frank Patterson (1871-1952) was a highly renowned commercial artist, active from the late 1800s to the mid-1900s. He was able to produce art in many different forms and styles, however, it is his intricate line drawings using a pen that are his most famous and impressive pieces. It would not be difficult to find examples of these pieces of artwork, as it is estimated he produced over 25,000 in his lifetime.

His work mainly showed idyllic countryside scenes, depicting a bicycle or motorcar nestled within the landscape. These pieces of work were produced for travel magazines, most notably The Motor and CTC Gazette. What is fascinating about Patterson’s work is the sheer longevity of his career, and how through analysing examples throughout his career, social and technological advancements can be recorded within his work.

He was drawing for these magazines in the golden age of the bicycle and motor car, representing the immense possibility these items could offer a person, and, arguably, alluding to the ever-growing fallacy of the serene open road. Due to the sudden popularity of the bicycle and motor car, the once quiet and peaceful countryside scenes were now overrun with weekend tourists and visitors. But that is never what Patterson portrayed in his work. Instead he captured a time of early exploration and vast empty roads of possibility, which was far from what it came to be in the later years of his career.

Patterson’s work can also be accredited, alongside other travel artists and other factors, for helping to champion the use of the ‘safety’ bicycle, which is the bicycle we still use today. This overtook the use of the ‘ordinary’ (the proper name for a penny farthing!). The same can be said for the increase in popularity of the motor car, which was in its relative infancy in the early 1900s. Patterson, by contributing to these magazines, aimed at the middle classes and higher lower classes as reflected in their cover price, allowed the masses of society to see the great possibility these modes of transport could offer.

He is somewhat of an anomaly when it comes to artists of this era. He is nothing like the contemporary metropolitan artist, as he was a burly countryman who lived in a remote cottage. He was also a farmer (hat and rifle included!). He had an affinity to the countryside and lived in his famous cottage Pear Tree Cottage from his 20s until the day he died.

Frank Patterson was an interesting and talented artist. His life and work reflect the society that he was a part of, which I find to be an incredibly special part of this artist. He was vastly popular as an artist and had a society dedicated to his work  (The Frank Patterson Appreciation Society) which ran for many years until the mid- nineties. He is still known within the cycling community but has fallen into obscurity the past few decades.

If you are interested in finding out more about this amazing artist, you can find a trove of work at the Richard Roberts Archive, located in Stockport. There are hundreds of examples of his work within publications, and the archive boasts a database of some of Patterson’s work, with over 500 entries.

Moore, Gerry, Frank Patterson (Birmingham: Parks and Mainwarings Ltd, 1984)

Take Your Research Public: May – June 2023

Following a great success last year, we will be running the ‘Take Your Research Public’ course again this Summer. It will take place on five Tuesdays from 30 May to 27 June 2023. Speakers are to be confirmed, and applications will open in March. For now, save the dates, and we will update with more information shortly.

S2 Episode 4 – Learie Constantine, Lancashire, Yorkshire and Racism: Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain with Andy Carter, Part 3

This is the concluding part of our mini series with Andy. Andy talks about the great West Indian cricket player and personality, Learie Constantine, who played a lot of cricket in Lancashire for Nelson CC. We also spoke about Yorkshire’s racism scandal and its historic roots, before Andy finished on how cricket as been a social force for good in communities. Listen below or on Spotify here. We hope that you have enjoyed! Purchase Andy’s book here.

Part 1

Part 2

Learie Constantine practising his batting in the nets during the West Indian cricket team’s tour of Australia in the 1930–31 season. National Library of Australia: Source Wikimedia Commons

Music Credit

Calypso Town by Sol Okarina is licensed under a Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

S2 Episode 5 – Muhammad Meets Manchester: Phil Magbotiwan, The Reno, and Muhammad Ali in Manchester, 1971 with Lisa Ayegun

Founded in 1960s Moss Side, at a time when a colour bar still existed, the Reno was an inclusive space that anyone could enjoy. This included Muhammad Ali, who visited it in 1971! Phil Magbotiwan, the Reno’s founder, had a fascinating life including, among many other things, meeting and forming a connection with Muhammad Ali. The Reno, and stories such as Phil’s, are a vital part of Manchester’s history. It was a pleasure to speak with Phil’s daughter, Lisa Ayegun. We spoke about how Phil came to found the Reno, racism, and Lisa’s memories of the club. Phil’s connection to Muhammad Ali was also brought out beautifully by Lisa. We hope that you enjoy! Be sure to check out some of Lisa’s great photos of Phil, and the Reno below. Listen below or on spotify here.

S2 Episode 4 – Ranjitsinhji: Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain with Andy Carter, Part 2

Welcome back to our Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain mini series. In this penultimate part, Andy takes us through the fascinating life of Ranjitsinhji. Ranjitsinhji came from a royal family in India, was one of England’s greats and after he retired got involved in Indian politics. Stay tuned for part 3 on Learie Constantine! Listen on Spotify here.

Part 1

Part 3

An Evening with Mrs Terrell and Friends

By Scarlett Duffill Haddon and Imogen Sahni

An Evening with Mrs Terrell and Friends was an exciting day in which students visited Manchester Metropolitan University, learning about black women’s activism and the fight for gender and race equality from 1900 – 1960s. The day was sponsored by the British Association for American Studies, the US Embassy and Manchester Metropolitan University. It ran in collaboration with award-winning playwright and historian Pamela Roberts, Dr Marie Molloy and Student Ambassadors from the University.

To begin the day Pamela Roberts presented a screening of her play An Evening With Mrs Terrell and Friends, which was introduced through a monologue delivered by George Ukachukwu. The monologue explored the experience of black male academics at Oxford, whilst the play took on a broader approach. On a surface level, the play focused on the politics of Mrs Mary Church Terrell, who alongside others campaigned for suffrage and racial equality. It was immensely refreshing to see Roberts’ portrayal of the black contribution to the American suffrage movement, which has been largely disregarded in historiography and public memory. There were clear racial divides within the women’s suffrage movement, seen through figures such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, yet Roberts’ play goes one step further to explore colourism, classism and hierarchy amongst the African American community. The play was a complex response to the history of intersectionality and the hidden victims who live within it, with Roberts’ exploring the themes of colourism, echoing tones from Rebecca Hall’s Passing (2021). Moreover, Roberts took on a relatively progressive approach to teaching history, as she chose to tell black women’s history through a play, rather than through a typically academic format. This is incredibly important as it breaks down the barriers and helps to make history accessible to a wider audience. This was reflected through the students’ responses at the end of the day, and through the Q&A which was hosted after the workshop; students were engaged, and were encouraged to think about privilege, hierarchy, and selective memorialisation.

Monologue performed by George Ukachukwu

The afternoon comprised of workshops in which students learned about influential women in the civil rights movement. The Key Stage Three workshops included a short Q and A about studying at university as well as an activity in which students created posters about influential women in the civil rights movement. Students were actively involved, and it was brilliant seeing them exercise their creativity in this task. The Q and A helped challenge some students’ perceptions about learning at university ‘It can show you … it’s not just writing down, copying massive paragraphs, it’s about learning about things with practical examples and real-life stories.’ The Key Stage Five workshop focused on themes of intersectionality and misogynoir. The workshop was centered around primary source analysis focusing on sources from Angela Davis and Audre Lorde. This allowed students to learn more about black women in the civil rights movement whilst enhancing their practical history skills. From student feedback, it was clear they enjoyed this opportunity to learn more about black women in the civil rights movement, a subject largely neglected by school curriculums. ‘I thought it was really educational and brought a lot of light to the civil rights movement and black people in power.’ Not only did this day give students the opportunity to learn more about black women’s activism in the fight for racial and gender equality, as Scarlett, one of our Student Ambassadors articulates, we also learned a lot. ‘Personally, I really enjoyed covering new aspects of black women’s history, and I really enjoyed doing the research behind the preparation for the workshop.’ The day gave all our student ambassadors an opportunity to collaborate, develop our skill sets and gain new experiences.

Student Ambassador Scarlett leading a workshop

S2 Episode 4 – Empire, Race, Class and the Aboriginals Cricket Tour of 1868: Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain with Andy Carter, Part 1

Most people know that Black and Asian cricketers have been a part of Britain for decades. This includes the great international players who played county cricket, as well as stars of the England team. However, this history is actually much older. In this great three part series I speak with Andy about his book, Beyond the Pale: Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain 1868-1945. In the first part we spoke on Andy’s introduction to cricket, the context of class, race and empire within which cricket sat in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and also the Aboriginals tour of 1868. Listen below or on spotify here.

Part 2

Part 3

Music Credit

Australian Wasteland by Eva Sсhlegel is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License

Sam Johnson Memorial Lecture 2023 Online, Gender, Gentile Inclusion, and Jewish Identity in Antiquity: What to Do with a Woman, Professor Jill Hicks-Keeton, 25 January, 6pm

Presented by Manchester Classical Association and Manchester Centre for Public History and Heritage

Join us for this annual memorial lecture to our late colleague, Dr Sam Johnson, here at Manchester Metropolitan University, a renowned specialist in histories of Jewish Identity. Sign up here.

Prof Jill Hicks-Keeton (Phd, Duke University) is Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Oklahoma, where she teaches courses on biblical literature, ancient Judaism & Christianity, and modern evangelicalism. She is the author of Arguing with Aseneth: Gentile Access to Israel’s Living God in Jewish Antiquity (Oxford University Press, 2018), which was awarded the 2020 Lautenschlaeger Award for Theological Promise, and Does Scripture Speak for Itself? The Museum of the Bible and the Politics of Interpretation (Cambridge University Press, 2022; with Cavan Concannon).

Hicks-Keeton co-edited The Museum of the Bible: A Critical Introduction (Lexington Books/Fortress Academic, 2019) and The Ways that Often Parted (SBL Press, 2018) and has written for Religion Dispatches, Religion & Politics, Ancient Jew Review, The Revealer, and The Bible and Interpretation. Hicks-Keeton was a recipient of the Society of Biblical Literature Regional Scholar Award and has served as a Humanities Forum Fellow, a Risser Innovative Teaching Fellow, and Honors College Presidential Teaching Fellow at the University of Oklahoma.

Hicks-Keeton serves as Co-Chair of the Metacriticism Program Unit of the Society of Biblical Literature and steering committee member of the Pseudepigrapha Program Unit of the Society of Biblical Literature. She is on the editorial board of the Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha.

Follow her on Twitter @JillHicksKeeton.

Sign up here.

Gender, Gentile Inclusion, and  Jewish Identity in Antiquity... image
Gender, Gentile Inclusion, and  Jewish Identity in Antiquity... image

S2 Episode 2 – Muhammad Meets Manchester: Muhammad Ali in Manchester, 1992 with Paul Bhatti

Muhammad Ali made several visits to Manchester from the 1960s all the way to 2009 when he came to Ricky Hatton’s gym. In what I hope will be the first of several episodes on Muhammad Ali’s visits, I speak to Paul Bhatti. Listen to Paul’s story below, and check out the wonderful videos and pictures that he has captured, on this page. You can also listen on spotify here.

Paul met Muhammad in 1992 at the Sherratt and Hughes bookstore in Manchester. He captured this amazing and unique video footage from the bookshop.

The Champ and Paul play boxing in Sherratt and Hughes. Picture captured by Paul Bhatti from Paul’s video footage.

Having moved to Michigan in the U.S. Paul’s connections to Muhammad came full circle when he was able to say farewell to the Champ at his funeral in Louisville, Kentucky. This time on his phone, rather than the chunky video recorder from 1992, Paul captured some great footage.

Hope you enjoy the episode, and this collection of footage, pictures and memories. Rest easy up there Champ.