Who is Frank Patterson?

by Caitlyn Harrison

Frank Patterson (1871-1952) was a highly renowned commercial artist, active from the late 1800s to the mid-1900s. He was able to produce art in many different forms and styles, however, it is his intricate line drawings using a pen that are his most famous and impressive pieces. It would not be difficult to find examples of these pieces of artwork, as it is estimated he produced over 25,000 in his lifetime.

His work mainly showed idyllic countryside scenes, depicting a bicycle or motorcar nestled within the landscape. These pieces of work were produced for travel magazines, most notably The Motor and CTC Gazette. What is fascinating about Patterson’s work is the sheer longevity of his career, and how through analysing examples throughout his career, social and technological advancements can be recorded within his work.

He was drawing for these magazines in the golden age of the bicycle and motor car, representing the immense possibility these items could offer a person, and, arguably, alluding to the ever-growing fallacy of the serene open road. Due to the sudden popularity of the bicycle and motor car, the once quiet and peaceful countryside scenes were now overrun with weekend tourists and visitors. But that is never what Patterson portrayed in his work. Instead he captured a time of early exploration and vast empty roads of possibility, which was far from what it came to be in the later years of his career.

Patterson’s work can also be accredited, alongside other travel artists and other factors, for helping to champion the use of the ‘safety’ bicycle, which is the bicycle we still use today. This overtook the use of the ‘ordinary’ (the proper name for a penny farthing!). The same can be said for the increase in popularity of the motor car, which was in its relative infancy in the early 1900s. Patterson, by contributing to these magazines, aimed at the middle classes and higher lower classes as reflected in their cover price, allowed the masses of society to see the great possibility these modes of transport could offer.

He is somewhat of an anomaly when it comes to artists of this era. He is nothing like the contemporary metropolitan artist, as he was a burly countryman who lived in a remote cottage. He was also a farmer (hat and rifle included!). He had an affinity to the countryside and lived in his famous cottage Pear Tree Cottage from his 20s until the day he died.

Frank Patterson was an interesting and talented artist. His life and work reflect the society that he was a part of, which I find to be an incredibly special part of this artist. He was vastly popular as an artist and had a society dedicated to his work  (The Frank Patterson Appreciation Society) which ran for many years until the mid- nineties. He is still known within the cycling community but has fallen into obscurity the past few decades.

If you are interested in finding out more about this amazing artist, you can find a trove of work at the Richard Roberts Archive, located in Stockport. There are hundreds of examples of his work within publications, and the archive boasts a database of some of Patterson’s work, with over 500 entries.

Moore, Gerry, Frank Patterson (Birmingham: Parks and Mainwarings Ltd, 1984)

S2 Episode 4 – Learie Constantine, Lancashire, Yorkshire and Racism: Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain with Andy Carter, Part 3

This is the concluding part of our mini series with Andy. Andy talks about the great West Indian cricket player and personality, Learie Constantine, who played a lot of cricket in Lancashire for Nelson CC. We also spoke about Yorkshire’s racism scandal and its historic roots, before Andy finished on how cricket as been a social force for good in communities. Listen below or on Spotify here. We hope that you have enjoyed! Purchase Andy’s book here.

Part 1

Part 2

Learie Constantine practising his batting in the nets during the West Indian cricket team’s tour of Australia in the 1930–31 season. National Library of Australia: Source Wikimedia Commons

Music Credit

Calypso Town by Sol Okarina is licensed under a Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

S2 Episode 5 – Muhammad Meets Manchester: Phil Magbotiwan, The Reno, and Muhammad Ali in Manchester, 1971 with Lisa Ayegun

Founded in 1960s Moss Side, at a time when a colour bar still existed, the Reno was an inclusive space that anyone could enjoy. This included Muhammad Ali, who visited it in 1971! Phil Magbotiwan, the Reno’s founder, had a fascinating life including, among many other things, meeting and forming a connection with Muhammad Ali. The Reno, and stories such as Phil’s, are a vital part of Manchester’s history. It was a pleasure to speak with Phil’s daughter, Lisa Ayegun. We spoke about how Phil came to found the Reno, racism, and Lisa’s memories of the club. Phil’s connection to Muhammad Ali was also brought out beautifully by Lisa. We hope that you enjoy! Be sure to check out some of Lisa’s great photos of Phil, and the Reno below. Listen below or on spotify here.

S2 Episode 4 – Ranjitsinhji: Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain with Andy Carter, Part 2

Welcome back to our Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain mini series. In this penultimate part, Andy takes us through the fascinating life of Ranjitsinhji. Ranjitsinhji came from a royal family in India, was one of England’s greats and after he retired got involved in Indian politics. Stay tuned for part 3 on Learie Constantine! Listen on Spotify here.

Part 1

Part 3

S2 Episode 4 – Empire, Race, Class and the Aboriginals Cricket Tour of 1868: Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain with Andy Carter, Part 1

Most people know that Black and Asian cricketers have been a part of Britain for decades. This includes the great international players who played county cricket, as well as stars of the England team. However, this history is actually much older. In this great three part series I speak with Andy about his book, Beyond the Pale: Early Black and Asian Cricketers in Britain 1868-1945. In the first part we spoke on Andy’s introduction to cricket, the context of class, race and empire within which cricket sat in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and also the Aboriginals tour of 1868. Listen below or on spotify here.

Part 2

Part 3

Music Credit

Australian Wasteland by Eva Sсhlegel is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License

S2 Episode 2 – Muhammad Meets Manchester: Muhammad Ali in Manchester, 1992 with Paul Bhatti

Muhammad Ali made several visits to Manchester from the 1960s all the way to 2009 when he came to Ricky Hatton’s gym. In what I hope will be the first of several episodes on Muhammad Ali’s visits, I speak to Paul Bhatti. Listen to Paul’s story below, and check out the wonderful videos and pictures that he has captured, on this page. You can also listen on spotify here.

Paul met Muhammad in 1992 at the Sherratt and Hughes bookstore in Manchester. He captured this amazing and unique video footage from the bookshop.

The Champ and Paul play boxing in Sherratt and Hughes. Picture captured by Paul Bhatti from Paul’s video footage.

Having moved to Michigan in the U.S. Paul’s connections to Muhammad came full circle when he was able to say farewell to the Champ at his funeral in Louisville, Kentucky. This time on his phone, rather than the chunky video recorder from 1992, Paul captured some great footage.

Hope you enjoy the episode, and this collection of footage, pictures and memories. Rest easy up there Champ.

Women’s Football Coaching as a Cultural Heritage

By Jodie Neville

Women’s football has undergone a surge in popularity recently thanks to the Lionesses winning the Euros. It seems the struggle for recognition and investment in women’s football is starting to be won. This long and bumpy road started with pioneer players, and the history on them has been vastly added to by writers and scholars in recent years. There are, and have been, women football coaches, but it is an area and a story that remains comparatively unexplored. There is a lack of debate on gender, race, and class participation in coaching, and this often also takes place in a historical vacuum. This is where this research project comes in.

There has been a growing interest in Britain’s sporting heritage over the last two decades, as highlighted by an expansion in the number of sports-related museums and statues, although heritage is not solely represented by physical artefacts, it can equally be represented by memories and oral histories. This project will be an agent in the heritage process by adding interview accounts of the life histories of women football coaches to the historical record. The project will then assess how far the cultural heritage characteristics of coaching have contributed to the marginalisation of women in coaching.

1912 English Ladies Swimming Team

Sports coaching is a social practice that is shaped by its cultural context. Developments in coaching, therefore, reflect wider public values. Some of the key cultural constraints that hinder female coaches are historically embedded patriarchal structures and misogynistic attitudes that continue to view women as ‘homemakers’ and unsuited to sports coaching, especially at elite levels.

This project represents a research collaboration between Manchester Metropolitan University and the National Football Museum. It will focus on uncovering the history of women coaches in football to develop an understanding of how constraints on their participation manifested themselves during the last century and how women managed to negotiate with, or circumvent, them. Any implications or lessons from the research findings for twenty-first century women’s football coaching can then be derived and shared.

Part of this work will be carried out by identifying and cataloguing material related to coaching, with an emphasis on female coaches, held within the NFM archives. This will add significantly to the existing historiography regarding sports coaching more generally. These outcomes can be used to inform wider debates about the lack of female engagement in sports coaching and raise public and academic awareness of the archival holdings of the NFM.

Female Football Coach

In order to carry out this research, the project will be seeking participants who have first-hand experience and knowledge of being a woman in coaching. This extends to undertaking coaching responsibilities informally as well as formally. You might have managed games or training if the regular coach was absent, for example. Or you might have worked closely with the coach, and they relied upon you for assistance. If this sounds like you or someone you know, get in touch.

jodie.neville2@stu.mmu.ac.uk

An Evening with Mrs. Terrell and Friends: Film Screening, 16 November, 2022, 5pm

Manchester Metropolitan University, Geoffrey Manton Building, Lecture Theatre 4.

This film screening and workshop organised by Manchester Metropolitan University is in collaboration with Pamela Roberts, an award-winning historian, playwright, and director that brings to life Roberts’ Eccles Centre Visiting Fellowship research featuring the lives of four African American women from the Washington black elite and their contributions to Civil Rights c.1900.

Following the film, there will be a Q&A with Pamela and two actors from the play.

Sign up here.